1 needing moisture; "thirsty fields under a rainless sky"
2 feeling a need or desire to drink; "after playing hard the children were thirsty" [ant: hungry]
3 (usually followed by `for') extremely desirous; "athirst for knowledge"; "hungry for recognition"; "thirsty for informaton" [syn: athirst(p), hungry(p), thirsty(p)]
- Rhymes: -ɜː(r)sti
needing to drink
- Albanian: etur
- Armenian: ծարավ (tsarav)
- Chinese: 渴 (kě)
- Croatian: žedan
- Czech: žíznivý
- Dutch: dorstig
- French: altéré, assoiffé
- Georgian: მწყურვალი (mts‘q‘urvali), მოწყურებული (mots‘q‘urebuli)
- German: durstig
- Greek: διψασμένος (dipsasménos)
- Hebrew: צמא
- Hindi: प्यासा (pyāsā)
- Hungarian: szomjas
- Icelandic: þyrstur
- Irish: indicated by phrase using the noun tart "thirst"
- Japanese: 喉が渇く (のどがかわく, nodo ga kawaku)
- Korean: 목마른 (mokmareun), 갈증난 (galjeungnan)
- Latin: sitiens, siccus
- Latvian: izslāpis
- Lithuanian: ištroškęs
- Mongolian: ангасан (angasan)
- Norwegian: tørst
- Old Norse: þyrstr
- Persian: تشنه
- Polish: spragniony
- Portuguese: sequioso, sedento
- Romanian: setos
- Russian: томимый жаждой (tomímyj žaždój)
- Spanish: sediento
- Swedish: törstig (1); törstande (2)
- Thai: (gràhăai)
- Turkish: susuz
- Vietnamese: khát
- Welsh: sychedig
- Yiddish: דאָרשטיק (dorshtik)
Thirst is the craving for liquids, resulting in the basic instinct of humans or animals to drink. It is an essential mechanism involved in fluid balance. It arises from a lack of fluids and/or an increase in the concentration of certain osmolites such as salt. If the water volume of the body falls below a certain threshold, or the osmolite concentration becomes too high, the brain signals thirst.
Continuous dehydration can cause myriad problems, but is most often associated with neurological problems such as seizures, and renal problems. Excessive thirst, known as polydipsia, along with excessive urination, known as polyuria, may be an indication of diabetes.
There are receptors and other systems in the body that detect a decreased volume or an increased osmolite concentration. They signal to the central nervous system, where central processing succeeds. Some sources therefore distinguish "Extracellular thirst" from "intracellular thirst", where extracellular thirst is thirst generated by decreased volume and intracellular thirst is thirst generated by increased osmolite concentration. Nevertheless, the craving itself is something generated from central processing in the brain, no matter how it is detected.
DetectionThere are different receptors for sensing decreased volume or an increased osmolite concentration.
- Further reading: Hypovolemia
- Renin-angiotensin system
In addition, there are visceral osmoreceptors. This is also a result of the renin-angiotensin system activation.
Senior CitizensFor adults over age 50, the body’s thirst sensation diminishes and continues diminishing with age, causing many to suffer symptoms of dehydration.
Central processingThe area postrema and nucleus tractus solitarius signal, by 5-HT, to lateral parabrachial nucleus, which in turn signal to median preoptic nucleus. In addition, the area postrema and nucleus tractus solitarius also signal directly to subfornical organ.
Thus, the median preoptic nucleus and subfornical organ receive signals of both decreased volume and increased osmolite concentration. They signal to higher integrative centers, where ultimately the conscious craving arises. However, the true neuroscience of this conscious craving is not fully clear.
In addition to thirst, the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis and the subfornical organ contribute to fluid balance by vasopressin release.
Preventing subtle dehydrationFor optimal health, experts recommend that humans get 8-10 servings of about 8-ounces of water (in total, approximately 2 litres) per day to maintain hydration. This figure does vary according to ambient temperature, movement and physical size. Being that water is essential to the general function of the human and all animal bodies, eight servings is widely regarded as the minimum for the body to function optimally. However, water can be obtained from many sources, such as foods and other beverages containing water. Getting enough water from your diet and staying hydrated is key to your overall health, including urinary tract and digestive tract health. When getting your daily water intake, it's important to not rely heavily on caffeinated beverages, as they actually work as a diuretic. Further, moderate or excessive alcohol consumption can lead to dehydration, thus it's important to maintain hydration when drinking caffeinated and alcoholic beverages.
thirsty in German: Durst
thirsty in Spanish: Sed
thirsty in French: Soif
thirsty in Korean: 목마름
thirsty in Hebrew: צמא
thirsty in Latin: Sitis
thirsty in Dutch: Drinken#Dorst
thirsty in Polish: Pragnienie (fizjologia)
thirsty in Quechua: Yakunayay
thirsty in Russian: Жажда
thirsty in Finnish: Jano
thirsty in Swedish: Törst
thirsty in Ukrainian: Спрага
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